What are dental implants? What is involved in getting a dental implant?
Implants are usually titanium replacements for missing tooth roots. Although implants are conceived as the porcelain or zirconium crowns placed on the tooth roots, they are actually root replacements prepared for healthy teeth. Implants provide a strong foundation for completing the missing tooth.
Titanium is the preferred material for implants. If not used properly or … may cause bone loss.
Implant treatment is the complete process of functional and esthetical replacement of lost teeth. In implant treatment, a strong foundation is created by implanting material compatible with the bone. After the jawbone heals and grows around the implanted metal post, a small connector called an abutment is attached to the post. After your dentist take impressions of your teeth, a new tooth, bridge or denture is created in the labs. Finally, a new tooth or teeth is attached securely to this post. If only one tooth is lost, implants provide an alternative solution to bridges, which requires cutting one or two neighbouring teeth.
With the introduction of “Flapless Surgery” techniques, the healing period is shortened since it involves minimally invasive surgery.
What is bone density?
Bone health and bone density are significant factors in implant treatment. If the patient’s bone structure is not strong enough to hold the implant, additional treatment, such as adding bone or grafting, may be required before the implant treatment.
Patients who have diabetes or heart disease will be evaluated individual basis and will be required to get approval from their doctors.
Checklist Before Treatment
The dentist checks the patient's oral health and bone structure. The quality of the soft and hard tissue in the mouth is as important as the quantity. Jawbone is required to be of a certain width and depth.
Patients should not have bone diseases.
Patients should not have uncontrolled diabetes and heart problems
Infections in the roots or gums should be treated first
Other infectious diseases should be treated first
Implant Treatment Procedures
Implant treatment has two major stages:
2. Dental work
For a single tooth, surgery operation for the implant takes about 10-30 minutes. At this stage, a temporary crown is placed on the implant. After a successful surgical operation, there is a waiting period of 2-4 months for the jawbone to heal and accept the implant. Once the dentist approves that the implant is securely bonded in the bone structure, a temporary crown is replaced with a replacement tooth and the treatment is completed.
The implant is placed on the jawbone with the help of local anaesthesia. During the operation, the patient does not feel pain. However, as the effects of anaesthesia decrease, the patient will suffer low pain for a day or two. The dentist will prescribe painkillers to relieve this pain.
After the implant insertion operation, depending on the patient's oral health and bone structure, there will be a waiting period of 2 to 4 months. The dentist decides if there is a need for temporary teeth in this waiting period. Patients are expected to pay special attention to their dental care during this period.
After the healing and bonding of the implant is completed, the crown preparation stage, which is about two weeks, starts. In these two weeks, the dentist takes the 3D model of the mouth, prepares the tooth, and finally places the tooth in place.
Implant dental treatment, which can be used for many years in a healthy manner, is directly proportional to the correct planning at the beginning of the application. Basically, when the patient has artificial tooth tissue, the application can be used for a lifetime. The lifetime of implants is shortened naturally in people who have a gingival disease or who do not have adequate care for their oral care.
How to Take Care of Implants
Dental care and hygiene are critical after implant treatment. Implants are also subjected to all of the diseases threatening healthy teeth. If you omit consistent oral hygiene, implants also risk developing gum problems and bleeding. If such problems are not treated immediately, just like in healthy natural teeth, you might lose your implant and dental health.
After the treatment, your dentist will inform you about the proper cleaning techniques and materials.
During the treatment process, staying away from healing smoking is strongly recommended. Acidic drinks may also affect the lifetime of your implants negatively.
The first 48 hours after the implant treatment is essential. You should avoid extreme pressure on the implants. Also, in the first 24 hours, it is recommended to avoid gargle.
Patients should brush their implants with soft and steady movements during these initial days. Patients may use ice compression to ease the pain if they have swollen gums after the process.
Do implants cause bad breath?
None of the materials used during the treatment process caused a bad smell. Any bad mouth smell developed after the implant treatment should be investigated in detail by your dentist.
We place four implants on the jaw for patients with no teeth and fix the dentures on these implants. This technique is called “All on Four”